Tunnel Vision: Focus selectively on the negative details, to dwell on them and tune out positive aspects of a situation or yourself.
All-or-None Thinking: Jump to broad, over-generalized conclusions about yourself or reality.
Negative Predictions: Make highly negative, pessimistic predictions about the future, for which there is no evidence, and which result in increased despair and hopelessness.
Jumping to Conclusions: Conclude the worst in the absence of substantial evidence.
Personalizing: Assume that if something is wrong, you are at fault; an assumption that may not be accurate. The point is that we cannot read each other’s minds, and there is a strong tendency for people who feel depressed to overreact and personalize, especially when they fear criticism or rejection.
“Should” Statements: Insists that things should be a certain way, and can be directed toward yourself, toward others, or toward reality. “Should” statements always have the effect of intensifying painful emotions; they never reduce misery or change situations.
They distort in some way one’s view of reality (resulting in a loss of perspective, and extremely negative and pessimistic views of oneself, current situations and the future), and each cognitive distortion has the effect of intensifying emotional pain. If unrecognized and unchallenged, such distortions in thinking will result in an ongoing destructive depressive process. It is very important to interrupt this process. The first step is to recognize such distortions as they occur.
There is realistic hope.
Quoted from Source (full article includes examples of each type):
athealth.com – Destructive Thinking
Featured Image Source: userlogos.org – Mafia_Penguin