Top

Psychosis

psychosis

Psychosis

Psychosis (Greek “psyche” for mind/soul, and “-osis” for abnormal condition or derangement) refers to an abnormal condition of the mind, and is a generic psychiatric term for a mental state often described as involving a “loss of contact with reality”.  People suffering from psychosis are described as psychotic.

Psychosis is a loss of contact with reality that usually includes:
  • False beliefs about what is taking place or who one is (delusions)
  • Seeing or hearing things that aren’t there (hallucinations)

A number of medical problems can cause psychosis, including:

  • Alcohol and certain illegal drugs, both during use and during withdrawal
  • Brain diseases, such as Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, and certain chromosomal disorders
  • Brain tumors or cysts
  • Dementia (including Alzheimer’s disease)
  • HIV and other infections that affect the brain
  • Some prescription drugs, such as steroids and stimulants
  • Some types of epilepsy
  • Stroke

Psychosis (or psychotic symptoms) may also be found in:

  • Most people with schizophrenia
  • Some people with bipolar disorder (manic-depressive) or severe depression
  • Some personality disorders

Psychotic symptoms may include:

  • Disorganized thought and speech
  • False beliefs that are not based in reality (delusions), especially unfounded fear or suspicion
  • Hearing, seeing, or feeling things that are not there (hallucinations)
  • Thoughts that “jump” between unrelated topics (disordered thinking)

Stress is known to contribute to and trigger psychotic states.  Short-lived psychosis triggered by stress is known as brief reactive psychosis, and patients may spontaneously recover normal functioning within two weeks.  In some rare cases, individuals may remain in a state of full-blown psychosis for many years, or perhaps have attenuated psychotic symptoms (such as low intensity hallucinations) present at most times.

Quoted from Source:
wikipedia.org – Psychosis
PubMed Health – Psychosis

Featured Image Source: “Psychosis” by Amber Christian Osterhout

KnowMental
No Comments

Post a Comment