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Psychiatric Medication

Psychiatric Medication

Psychiatric Medication

Psychiatric medications are constantly evolving and change, as discoveries of the brain are uncovered. Therefore, there may be medications not included in this list.

Medications are listed alphabetically by generic name, based on marketed in the U.S.A.
Brand Names / Registered  Trademarks are in ( ).  They are listed for informational purposes only with no intention of infringement of their Registered ® Trademark/Copyright ©.

This list is compiled from a number of sources including National Institute of Mental Health’s (NIMH) publication “Mental Health Medications” www.nimh.nih.gov and Wikipedia search www.wikipedia.org.

Please check with your Psychiatrist for further information.  Each medication is different in what it may or may not treat and the effect it produces.

Antidepressants are used to treat mood disorders such as Major Depressive Disorder, Anxiety disorders (Panic or Social Anxiety), Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD), Fibromyalgia, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), and/or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), etc.

SSRI – Selective Serotonin reuptake inhibitor:
Citalopram HBr Hydrobromide  (Celexa)
Escitalopram Oxalate  (Lexapro)
Fluoxetine  (Prozac)
Fluoxetine Hydrochloride  (Sarafem)
Fluvoxamine Maleate  (Luvox CR – Extended-Release)
Paroxetine  (Paxil)
Paroxetine Mesylate  (Pexeva)
Sertraline HCI  (Zoloft)

SNRI – Serotonin–Norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor:
Atomoxetine HCI – Hydrochloride  (Strattera)
Duloxetine HCI  (Cymbalta)
Desvenlafaxine  (Pristiq)
Milnacipran HCI  (Savella)
Venlafaxine HCI – Hydrochloride  (Effexor, Effexor XR – Extended Release)

TeCAs – Tetracyclic antidepressant:
Amoxapine  (Asendin)
Maprotiline  (Ludiomil)

TCAs – Tricyclic antidepressant:
Amitriptyline  (Elavil)
Clomipramine  Hydrochloride  (Anafranil)
Desipramine Hydrochloride  (Norpramin)
Doxepin HCI – Hydrochloride (Sinequan)
Doxepin  (Silenor)
Imipramine Hydrochloride  (Tofranil)
Imipramine Pomoate  (Tofranil PM)
Nortriptyline Hydrochloride  (Pamelor)
Protriptyline  (Vivactil)
Trimipramine  (Surmontil)

NDRI – Norepinephrine-Dopamine reuptake inhibitor:
Bupropion HCI  (Wellbutrin,Wellbutrin SR – Sustained-Release, Wellbutrin XL – Extended-Release)
Bupropion HBr  – Hydrobromide  (Alpenzin – Extended-Release)

NaSSa – Noradrenergic and Specific Serotonergic antidepressant:
Mirtazapine  (Remeron, Remeron SolTab)

SARI – Serotonin antagonist and reuptake inhibitor:
Trazodone  (Desyrel)
Trazodone Hydrochloride (Oleptro  – Extended-Release)

MAOI – Monoamine oxidase inhibitor:
Isocarboxazid  (Marplan)
Phenelzine Sulfate  (Nardil)
Selegiline Transdermal System  (Emsam)
Selegiline HCI – Hydrochloride  Oral Disintegrating Tablets  (Zelapar)
Tranylcypromine  (Parnate)

Mood stabilizers are used to treat Manic-Depressive Disorder (Bipolar), Schizoaffective disorder, Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), and/or Fibromyalgia, etc.  They suppress mood shifts.

Mood stabilizer:
Lithium Carbonate  (Eskalith)
Lithium Carbonate  (Lithobid)

Anticonvulsant Mood stabilizer:
Carbamazepine  (Tegretol, Tegretol XR – Extended-Release)
Carbamazepine  (Equetro)
Divalproex Sodium  (Depakote, Depakote ER – Extended-Release, Depakote Sprinkle Capsules)
Lamotrigine  (Lamictal, Lamictal ODT – Oral Disintegrating Tablets)
Gabapentin  (Neurontin)
Pregabalin  (Lyrica)
Oxcarbazepine  (Trileptal)
Tiagabine HCI – Hydrochloride  (Gabitril)
Topiramate  (Topamax)
Valproic Acid  (Depakene)
Valproic Acid  (Stavzor – Delayed Release)

Stimulants (Psychostimulants) are used to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Narcolepsy, and/or clinical Depression, etc.  Effects are enhanced alertness, wakefulness, etc.

Stimulants / CII:
Amphetamine [mixed salts of a single-entity Amphetamine]  (Adderall XR)
Dexmethylphenidate HCI – Hydrochloride  (Focalin XR – Extended-Release)
Dextroamphetamine  Sulfate  (Dexedrine, Dexedrine Spansule)
Dextroamphetamine  (Dextrostat)
Lisdexamfetamine Dimesylate  (Vyvanse)
Methamphetamine Hydrochloride  (Desoxyn)  [Memamfetamine Hydrochloride]
Methylphenidate Transdermal System  (Daytrana)
Methylphenidate HCI  (Concerta)
Methylphenidate HCl  (Metadate CD – Extended Release)
Methylphenidate Hydrochloride  (Ritalin, Ritalin SR – Sustained-Release, Ritalin LA – Extended-Release)
Modafinil  (Provigil)
Armodafinil  (Nuvigil)

Non-Stimulant/Alternative used to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD):
Clonidine Hydrochloride  (Kapvay)
Guanfacine  (Intuniv)
Atomoxetine HCI – Hydrochloride  (Strattera)

Antipsychotics (or Neuroleptics) are used to treat Schizophrenia, Manic Depressive Disorder (Bipolar), etc.  It is used to manage psychosis, delusions, hallucinations, manic or depressive episodes, and/or thought disorder, etc.  They may have a tranquilizing effect.  

Atypical antipsychotic:
Aripiprazole  (Abilify)
Asenapine  (Saphris – Sublingual Tablets)
Clozapine  (Clozaril)
Clozapine  (FazaClo – Orally Disintegrating Tablets)
Iloperidone  (Fanapt)
Lurasidone HCI  (Latuda)
Olanzapine  (Zyprexa)
Paliperidone  (Invega)
Quetiapine Fumerate  (Seroquel XR – Extended-Release)
Risperidone  (Risperdal Consta – Long-Acting Injection)
Ziprasidone HCI  (Geodon)

Typical antipsychotic:
Chlorpromazine  (Thorazine)
Fluphenazine  (Prolixin)
Haloperidol  (Haldol)
Loxapine  (Loxitane)
Molindone  (Moban)
Perphenazine  (Trilafon)
Pimozide  (Orap)
Prochlorperazine  (Compazine)
Thioridazine  (Mellaril)
Thiothixene  (Navane)
Trifluoperazine  (Stelazine)

Combination Antipsychotic and Antidepressant Medication:
Fluoxetine & Olanzapine  (Symbyax),  (Prozac & Zyprexa)

Anxiolytics are used to treat the symptoms of Anxiety, Fibromyalgia, Insomnia, etc.  They have a tranquilizing/sedative effect.

Benzodiazepine Derivative / CIV:
Alprazolam  (Xanax, Xanax XR – Extended-Release)
Alprazolam (Niravam – Orally Disintegrating Tablets)
Chlordiazepoxide  (Librium)
Clonazepam  (Klonopin, Klonopin Wafers – Orally Disintegrating Tablets)
Clorazepate  Dipotassium  (Tranxene, Tranxene T-Tab)
Diazepam  (Valium)
Estazolam  (ProSom)
Flurazepam Hydrochloride  (Dalmane)
Lorazepam  (Ativan)
Oxazepam  (Serax)
Quazepam  (Doral)
Temazepam  (Restoril)
Triazolam  (Halcion)

Antihypertensives/Off-Label:
Atenolol  (Tenormin)
Clonidine  (Catapres)
Guanfacine [Extended-Release]  (Intuniv)
Guanfacine  (Tenex)
Propranolol Hydrochloride  (Inderal, Inderal LA – Long-Acting)

Alternative/Off-Label:
Buspirone HCI – Hydrochloride (BuSpar)
Gabapentin  (Neurontin)
Hydroxyzine Pamoate  (Vistaril)
Hydroxyzine Hydrochloride  (Atarax)

Hypnotics/Sedatives:
Diphenhydramine  (Benadryl)
Eszopiclone  (Lunesta)
Ramelteon  (Rozerem)
Zolpidem Tartrate  (Ambien, Ambien CR – Extended-Release)
Zaleplon  (Sonata)

If a brand name is discontinued (no longer made), there may be a number of other pharmaceutical companies that create the generic version or have yet to.

A manufacturer/marketer may have multiple brand names for the same product to market in other countries.  Pharmaceutical companies tend to merge or acquisition each other, therefore the manufacturer/marketer of a brand name can change.

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