Helps to relax the body, relieve stress, combat mild to moderate anxiety, and for relief from headache and back pain. It has been recognized as an alternative to Xanax and Valium. Kava’s active principal ingredients are the kavalactones, of which 15 are considered psychoactive. Only six of them produce noticeable effects, and their concentrations in kava plants vary. Research currently suggests that kavalactones potentiate GABAA activity but do not alter levels of dopamine and serotonin in the central nervous system. Heavy, long-term kava use does not cause any reduction of ability in body movement and cognitive tests. It is associated with elevated liver enzymes. Desmethoxyyangonin, one of the six major kavalactones, is a reversible MAO-B inhibitor and is able to increase dopamine levels in the nucleus accumbens (neurons that effect pleasure hence the slightly euphoric action of kava). Kavain, the main kavalactone found mostly in the roots of the Kava plant, in both enantiomeric forms, inhibits the reuptake of noradrenalin at the transporter, but not of serotonin. An elevated extracellular noradrenalin level in the brain may account for the reported enhancement of attention and focus.
Based on its pharmacological mode of action, valerian root has been demonstrated to possess sedative and anxiolytic effects. It has been used to treat nervous tension and panic attacks. Valerian is calming and quieting to the nervous system.
Lobelia (Lobelia inflata)
An extremely powerful anti-spasmodic and sedative. It helps to improve breathing dramatically by dilating the bronchial tubes—great for asthmatics.
Passion Flower (Passiflora)
Effective as a sedative to calm nerves that get on edge. Many species have been found to contain beta-carboline harmala alkaloids, which are MAO inhibitors with anti-depressant properties. The flower and fruit have only traces of these chemicals, but the leaves and the roots are often more potent.
St. John’s Wort
Helps relieve stress, anxiety, and tension. Sometimes called “Nature’s Prozac.”
Black Cohosh (Actaea racemosa)
First used by the American Indians, Black cohosh works to soothe the body by reducing the rapidity of the pulse. Black cohosh also works internally to help soothe any nervous disease or spasm.
Skullcap (Scutellaria lateriflora)
Skullcap or Scullcap is an herb that is effective in the treatment of the nervous system as it is beneficial in soothing anxiety, stress and worries.
Hops are used as a treatment for anxiety, restlessness, and insomnia. A pillow filled with hops is a popular folk remedy for sleeplessness. The relaxing effect of hops may be due, in part, to the specific chemical component dimethylvinyl carbinol. Hops tend to be unstable when exposed to light or air and lose their potency after a few months’ storage.
Catnip (Nepeta Cataria)
Catnip has a history of human medicinal use for its soothing properties. It has also been known to have a slightly numbing effect. Nepetalactone is the active chemical.
Quoted & Images from Sources:
Image Source of Mystic Water Kava Bar
healthyfellow.com-st johns wort
Lobelia inflata (Indian tobacco) – Image by Steven J. Baskauf, Ph.D.
Scutellaria – Image by David G. Smith
SEEK THE ADVICE OF A MEDICAL PROFESSIONAL PRIOR TO TAKING HERBAL MEDICINAL.
MIXTURE OF MEDICATION AND ALTERNATIVE REMEDIES CAN CAUSE AN INTERACTION THAT MAY DIMINISH THE EFFECT OR HAVE A DANGEROUS/TOXIC REACTION IN THE BODY.