Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a psychotherapeutic approach: a talking therapy. CBT aims to solve problems concerning dysfunctional emotions, behaviors and cognitions through a goal-oriented, focus on the present.
Psychotherapy, or personal counseling with a Psychotherapist, is an intentional interpersonal relationship used by trained psychotherapists to aid a client or patient in problems of living.
It aims to increase the individual’s sense of their own well-being. Psychotherapists employ a range of techniques based on experiential relationship building, dialogue, communication and behavior change that are designed to improve the mental health of a client or patient, or to improve group relationships (such as in a family).
CBT is effective for the treatment of a variety of problems, including mood, anxiety, personality, eating, substance abuse, and psychotic disorders.
Different approaches utilized in CBT can include keeping a diary of significant events and associated feelings, thoughts and behaviors; questioning and testing cognitions, assumptions, evaluations and beliefs that might be unhelpful and unrealistic; gradually facing activities which may have been avoided; and trying out new ways of behaving and reacting. Relaxation, mindfulness and distraction techniques are also commonly included.
CBT believes that clients change because they learn how to think differently and they act on that learning. Therapists seek to learn what their clients want out of life (their goals) and then help their clients achieve those goals by teaching rational self-counseling skills.
Neuroimaging has recently shown that CBT physically alters the brain by causing it to change the structure and function of its own neurotransmitter, using only its own thought processes to do so.
“Our thoughts cause our feelings and behaviors.”