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Self Fulfilling Prophecy

Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

A self-fulfilling prophecy is a prediction that directly or indirectly causes itself to become true, by the very terms of the prophecy itself, due to positive feedback between belief and behavior. 20th-century sociologist Robert K. Merton is credited with coining the expression "self-fulfilling prophecy" and formalizing its structure and consequences.  In his book Social Theory and Social Structure, Merton defines self-fulfilling prophecy in the following terms: e.g. when Roxanna falsely believes her marriage will fail, her fears of such failure actually cause the marriage to fail. The self-fulfilling prophecy is, in the beginning, a false definition of the situation evoking a new behaviour which makes the original false conception come 'true'.  This specious validity of the self-fulfilling prophecy perpetuates a reign of error.  For the prophet will cite the actual course of...

A self-fulfilling prophecy i...

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Situation Thought Feeling Reaction

Situation → Thought → Feeling → Reaction

Situation → Thought → Feeling → Reaction My therapists is working on breaking down stories I express in our sessions. So I can begin to see how the thought leads to the feeling therefore reaction. & write a second scenario where my thought is different and see how the feeling and reaction change dramatically as result. Simple example to help understand the concept: Situation → Thought → Feeling → Reaction #1 Person said I look sick. → Person wants me to feel bad about myself. → Rejected. → Stopped talking to Person. #2 Person said I look sick. → Person is concerned/cares about me. → Curious. → Look in mirror.  Plan what to do to feel & look better. The second part of the assignment is to assign a cognitive distortion to the "thought" in example #1. In this...

Situation → Thought → Feel...

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Cognitive Distortions

Cognitive Distortions

ALL OR NOTHING THINKING You see things in black and white.  Such as, all aspects of a project need to be completed immediately, or if your performance falls short of perfect, you see it as a total failure. OVERGENERALIZATION You see a single negative event as a never-ending pattern. MENTAL FILTER You pick out a single negative detail and dwell on it exclusively, so that your vision of all reality becomes darkened (like the drop of ink that discolors the entire bleaker of water). DISQUALIFYING THE POSITIVE You rejects positive experiences by insisting they "don't count" for some reason or other.  In this way, you can maintain a negative belief that is contradicted by your everyday experiences. JUMPING TO CONCLUSIONS You make a negative interpretation even though there are...

ALL OR NOTHING THINKING Y...

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projection

Projection

Psychological projection or projection bias is a psychological defense mechanism where a person subconsciously denies his or her own attributes, thoughts, and emotions, which are then ascribed to the outside world, usually to other people.  Thus, projection involves imagining or projecting the belief that others originate those feelings. Projection reduces anxiety by allowing the expression of the unwanted unconscious impulses or desires without letting the conscious mind recognize them. An example of this behavior might be blaming another for self failure.  The mind may avoid the discomfort of consciously admitting personal faults by keeping those feelings unconscious, and by redirecting libidinal satisfaction by attaching, or projecting, those same faults onto another person or object. I do not like another person.  But I have a value that says I should like everyone.  So I project onto them...

Psychological projection or ...

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Perception

Perception

"Perception is the process of attaining awareness or understanding of the environment by organizing and interpreting sensory information.  All perception involves signals in the nervous system, which in turn result from physical stimulation of the sense organs.  For example, vision involves light striking the retinas of the eyes, smell is mediated by odor molecules and hearing involves pressure waves. Perception is not the passive receipt of these signals, but can be shaped by learning, memory and expectation." That being said. It really bothers me when I have something to express to my Therapist and their response is, "Well, that is how you perceive it." It sucks to hear but it's true.  But it's true for everyone. Maybe it's how you perceive what I so call "perceive".  I realize I'm being a smart ass. Regardless, it is important to acknowledge that perception is a factor...

"Perception is the process of...

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Tunnel Vision

Tunnel Vision

Cognitive Distortions Tunnel Vision:  Focus selectively on the negative details, to dwell on them and tune out positive aspects of a situation or yourself. All-or-None Thinking:  Jump to broad, over-generalized conclusions about yourself or reality. Negative Predictions:  Make highly negative, pessimistic predictions about the future, for which there is no evidence, and which result in increased despair and hopelessness. Jumping to Conclusions:  Conclude the worst in the absence of substantial evidence. Personalizing:  Assume that if something is wrong, you are at fault; an assumption that may not be accurate.  The point is that we cannot read each other's minds, and there is a strong tendency for people who feel depressed to overreact and personalize, especially when they fear criticism or rejection. "Should" Statements:  Insists that things should...

Cognitive Distortions Tunnel ...

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Neurotic

Rumination

Rumination is a way of responding to distress that involves repetitively focusing on the symptoms of distress, and on its possible causes and consequences. Rumination is similar to worry except rumination focuses on bad feelings and experiences from the past, whereas worry is concerned over potential bad events in the future. The tendency to ruminate is a stable constant over time and serves as a significant risk factor for clinical depression. Rumination is more common in people who are pessimistic, neurotic, and who have negative attributional styles. Neuroticism is an enduring tendency to experience negative emotional states.  Those who are neurotic respond more poorly to environmental stress, and are more likely to interpret ordinary situations as threatening, and minor frustrations as hopelessly difficult. Pessimism is a state of mind in which one perceives life negatively....

Rumination is a way of respon...

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BEHAVIOR

Thought – Behavior – Feeling

It easy to believe feelings comes first then the thoughts hence the behavior. ³I feel scared to take the test because ¹I might fail therefore ²I don't take the test. It's not true as much as it "feels" real to you. The truth is: THOUGHT → BEHAVIOR → FEELING I might Fail → I don't take the test → I feel scared The ¹thought of failing causes ²you to stop trying and leaves you left ³feeling fearful. There is a tiny widow, a 10 second window to confront the thought before acting on it.  No it's not easy, but is possible.  Begin with awareness.  Next time you begin to "feel" down try your hardest to stop and question.  Ask yourself, What is happening?  What am I thinking?  Why am I about...

It easy to believe feelings co...

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EMPTINESS

Self-Image

Self-image may consist of three types: Self image resulting from how the individual sees himself or herself. Self image resulting from how others see the individual. Self image resulting from how the individual perceives others see him or her. What controls or makes up your self-image? When I first learned I was dealing with major depression I immediately felt ashamed, didn't want anyone to know.  I allowed my self-image to be governed by the stigma of mental illness.  Add this to the emptiness and insecure feelings already in place b/c of the illness, and you have a recipe for a gigantic road block to wellness & recovery.  I now am chipping away the road block by learning the truth and letting ago of these false...

Self-image may consist of th...

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SELF CONTROL

Self Control

Self Control: 1. Stop 2. Think 3. What could happen 4. Is that what you want Before you say anything, ask yourself: Do I have to say it? Does it have to be said right now? Does it have to be said by me? Perception can play a big role in hurt feelings.  Is how you feel warranted?  Look at the evidence. ...

Self Control: 1. Stop 2. Thi...

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