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psychosis

Psychosis

Psychosis (Greek "psyche" for mind/soul, and "-osis" for abnormal condition or derangement) refers to an abnormal condition of the mind, and is a generic psychiatric term for a mental state often described as involving a "loss of contact with reality".  People suffering from psychosis are described as psychotic. Psychosis is a loss of contact with reality that usually includes: False beliefs about what is taking place or who one is (delusions) Seeing or hearing things that aren't there (hallucinations) A number of medical problems can cause psychosis, including: Alcohol and certain illegal drugs, both during use and during withdrawal Brain diseases, such as Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, and certain chromosomal disorders Brain tumors or cysts Dementia (including Alzheimer's disease) HIV and other infections that affect the brain Some prescription drugs, such as steroids and stimulants Some types of epilepsy Stroke Psychosis (or psychotic symptoms) may also...

Psychosis (Greek "psyche" fo...

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MANIC DEPRESSIVE DISORDER

Bipolar Disorder (manic-depressive) – Certain medications can trigger Mania

There are two primary types of bipolar disorder. Bipolar I:  Experience at least one fully manic episode with periods of major depression. Also known as manic-depressive disorder. Bipolar II: Seldom experience full-fledged mania; instead they experience periods of Hypomania (elevated levels of energy and impulsiveness that are not as extreme as the symptoms of mania). These hypomanic periods alternate with episodes of major depression. Cyclothymia:  is a mild form of bipolar disorder.  It involves periods of hypomania and mild depression, with less severe mood swings. Bipolar II or Cyclothymia may be misdiagnosed as having depression alone. Symptoms: The manic phase may last from days to months and can include the following symptoms: • Agitation or irritation • Elevated mood ◦ Hyperactivity ◦ Increased energy ◦ Lack of self-control ◦ Racing thoughts • Inflated...

There are two primary type...

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ABOUT DEPRESSION

About Depression

Clinical depression is still widely misunderstood. The prevailing attitude is "Keep a stiff upper lip, have a drink, maybe it will go away." Depression: An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts, that affects the way a person eats and sleeps, the way one feels about oneself, and the way one thinks about things. A depressive disorder is not the same as a passing blue mood.  It is not a sign of personal weakness or a condition that can be wished away. People with a depressive disease cannot merely "pull themselves together" and get better. Without treatment, symptoms can last for weeks, months, or years.  Appropriate treatment, however, can help most people with depression. The signs and symptoms of depression include loss...

Clinical depression is still w...

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