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Anxiety Disorder

ANXIETY DISORDER

Anxiety Disorder

Anxiety Disorder is the most common mental illness in America: more than 19 million Americans are affected by these debilitating illnesses each year.

Types:

Panic Disorder

Repeated episodes of intense fear that strike often and without warning.

Physical symptoms include chest pain, heart palpitations, shortness of breath, dizziness, abdominal distress, feelings of unreality, and/or fear of dying.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder – OCD

Repeated, unwanted thoughts or compulsive behaviors that seem impossible to stop or control.

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder – PTSD

Persistent symptoms that occur after experiencing a traumatic event such as rape or other criminal assault, war, child abuse, natural disasters, or crashes.

Nightmares, flashbacks, numbing sensations, depression, and feeling angry, irritable or distracted and being easily startled are common.

Phobias

Social Phobia – Overwhelming and disabling fear of scrutiny, embarrassment, or humiliation in social situations, which leads to avoidance of many potential pleasurable and meaningful activities.

Specific Phobia – Experience extreme, disabling, and irrational fear of something that poses little or no actual danger; the fear leads to avoidance of objects or situations and can cause people to limit their lives unnecessarily.

General Anxiety Disorder – GAD

Constant, exaggerated worrisome thoughts and tension about everyday routine life events and activities, lasting at least six months.  Almost always anticipating the worst even though there is little reason to expect it; accompanied by physical symptoms, such as fatigue, trembling, muscle tension, headache, or nausea.

Two clinically proven forms of psychotherapy are used to treat anxiety disorders:

Behavioral therapy focuses on changing specific actions and uses several techniques to stop unwanted behaviors.

Cognitive therapy teaches patients to understand and change their thinking pattern so they can react differently to the situations that cause them anxiety.

Medications are also available: Benzodiazepines, Antidepressants, etc.

Quoted from Source: http://freedomfromfear.org

(excerpts from a printed flyer “Anxiety Disorders” by Freedom From Fear)

Reference: Freedom From Fear & National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)

KnowMental
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