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Antipsychotic

Antipsychotics

Antipsychotic

An Antipsychotic, also known as Neuroleptic, is used in the treatment of Schizophrenia, Manic Depressive Disorder (Bipolar) and/or other disorders with symptoms of psychosis, delusions, hallucinations, thought disorder, manic or depressive episodes, etc.  They may have a tranquilizing effect.  Some may have an effect on the Dopamine system.

They tend to block receptors in the brain’s dopamine pathways, but they encompass a wide range of receptor targets:

–  dopamine antagonist (blocks), some categorized as typical
–  dopamine partial agonists (activates), some categorized as atypical
–  serotonin and dopamine antagonists
–  MARTA, multi-acting receptor-targeted antipsychotics

It’s a matter of determining if the benefit outweighs the risk:

Some of the Warnings/Adverse effects may include:

  • extrapyramidal effects on motor control
  • akathisia (an inability to sit still)
  • trembling
  • muscle weakness
  • weight gain
  • decrease in brain volume
  • agranulocytosis (lowered white blood cell count)
  • tardive dyskinesia (involuntary repetitive body movements)
  • diabetes
  • sexual dysfunction

Some antipsychotic medications increase the risk of death in elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis, therefore not approved for treatment.

Quoted/Researched from Sources:
wikipedia.org – Antipsychotic
emedtv.com

Take the time to research the Antipsychotic prescribed to you:

–  Prescribing Information
–  Boxed Warnings
–  Medication Guide
–  Be aware of any guidelines or warnings if taken in conjunction with other psychiatric medications

Below is a list of Antipsychotic medications in the U.S.A.

  • Generic Name
    • Brand Name/Registered ® Trademark  and their website
      • Pharmaceutical or Marketing company who manufactures/markets the Brand Name

Brands are listed for informational purposes only with no intention of infringement of their Registered ® Trademark/Copyright ©.

Atypical antipsychotic:

Typical antipsychotic:

Combination Antipsychotic and Antidepressant Medication:

  • Fluoxetine & Olanzapine

If a brand name is discontinued (no longer made), there may be a number of other pharmaceutical companies that create the generic version or have yet to.

A manufacturer/marketer may have multiple brand names for the same product to market in other countries.  Pharmaceutical companies tend to merge or acquisition each other, therefore the manufacturer/marketer of a brand name can change.  

See the List of Psychiatric Medications we created.

Featured Image Sources: Antipsychotic
drugdiscoverynews.com
abilify.com

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